What is a BMX Bike? – [Everything Explained!]

BMX or ‘Bicycle Motocross’ bikes back in the day represented a little niche or derivative of conventional bicycles. Now, BMX bikes have developed a number of different modes and riding configurations for all types of riders.

Though road bikes and mountain bikes are the most wanted models of bicycles around the world, BMX bikes aren’t far off from those. They are quite famous among children.

These bikes are basic in their structure and functioning, can carry specific weight, and take on difficult landscapes that other bikes cannot take on.

Here we will answer, “what is a BMX bike?”. Care to discover more about it? Then keep scrolling and learn!

What Is a BMX Bike? – Basic Construction

BMX bikes are tailored to resist the ordeals of different BMX courses and riding techniques by using hardly any movable parts. And that means these bikes have just a single gear and a minimum brake system.

Basically, the bikes are well built, firm, airy, easy, and simple to operate on the land and in the air, with hardly any differing characteristics and elements in respect of the use it is planned for.

Though such bikes are basic in their technique of making and functioning, these bikes can carry great weights and take on difficult landscapes that other bikes cannot or won’t be able to take on.

They are small in size compared to other bikes, and these are sturdier too. And they have a basic frame system and use bulky tires for greater traction and impact absorption. BMX bikes rarely have more than one gear.

BMX Bike Application

BMX bikes have numerous vague definitions, but at their core, they are essentially all-terrain bikes that can be used for racing and stunts. From the beginning of its debut, numerous BMX bikes provided bikers with the scope of both street and freestyle riding, as these bikes have the ability to manage both.

Types of BMX Bikes

Even though there are numerous types of BMX bikes, they themselves are nearly always alike, with only little differences in between. The name ‘BMX’ is often thrown around simply by people while looking for one, but it is vital to know that there are four types of BMX bikes:

  • Racing bike
  • Freestyle bike
  • Flatland bike
  • Dirt jump or jump bike

Care to discover the differences between the different types of BMX bikes? Then keep scrolling cause that’s what we are going to explain next, and you will be able to see the differences yourselves!

Racing Bike

Racing BMX bikes are also known as true or original BMX bikes. BMX racing is comprised of brief, high-speed runs throughout a dirt track featuring several jumps and turns, which creates an exciting course that requires careful navigation.

And racing bikes are made to be very light, very flexible, and stable, which provides the rider with sufficient command and speed to be as quick as possible. The frame of the bike places the rider in a more vertical and higher position, which gives the rider greater command on the handlebars and greater vision too. Also, the brakes should be good to perform well.

racing bike blender WIP 03 | monkeywing | Flickr

Also, the tires of BMX racing bikes are comparatively lean with sufficient tread to boost traction on a dirt course, without decreasing much speed. The size of the wheels of such bikes is usually 20 inches.

Moreover, the crank of these bikes is made longer to add more pedal power, the seat of the bikes is little, and the rear hand brake of such bikes is very firm, which provides greater control during racing for braking.

Freestyle Bike

Freestyle BMX bikes are made for various riding techniques, which can range from street to skate park. These bikes are not almost as speed-oriented as racing BMX bikes. Basically, freestyle riding is concentrated on stunts instead of racing or jumps of a course.

File:Freestyle BMX bike.jpg - Wikimedia Commons

The size of the wheels of the bikes is 20 inches, and there is a tube of the length of 20-22 inches. These bikes usually do not come with brakes, but if the bikes do have brakes, then they are primarily straight cable brakes.

Also, the grips of such bikes don’t have rims as they carry the risk of not ensuring the best performance while doing tricks. Some of the riders select to buy readymade bikes, while other riders determine on modifying the bikes themselves.

Flatland Bike

Flatland BMX bikes are used for the opposite riding techniques of other bikes because these are mainly used for speed and air. The riding technique of this bike can be compared to dancing on a bike.

And the rider remains in a secluded space on an asphalted surface to move or manoeuvre the bike in diverse ways while going at a low pace. The frame of these bikes is further close-packed and small-scaled comparatively, which provides greater vision and freedom to perform tricks.

Eternal 888 flatland bmx 3 | Perry Goh | Flickr

They include a ‘free coaster’ hub, which lets the rear wheel rotate reversely without revolving the cranks, and this allows the rider to go in any direction with a similar foot positioning.

Also, they include a ‘zero-offset fork’, which exerts a force on the handlebars and the front-wheel axle, and this enhances the balance of the bike for riding. These bikes may have various brake systems based on preference. Usually, they use a front and rear U-brake, but sometimes they use only a rear brake or no brakes.

These bikes employ four pegs, sometimes at extended lengths, compared to what’s employed on freestyle bikes. Here, the crankarms are little, the Seatpost is prolonged, and the tires are even and filled up to the brim. Flatland BMX bikes are ideal for different on-land tricks.

Dirt Jump/Jump Bike

Dirt Jump BMX bikes are made to manage the frequent jumps on a dirt track. The dirt jump bikes close the difference between the freestyle and the racing bikes. And the dirt courses contain several jumps, sometimes a ‘big air’ type of jump, and various tricks or stunts which are marked by a group of judges.

mountain bike, sport, bike, jump, bicycle, mid-air, skill ...

Here, the bikes have a make-up of a freestyle BMX bike, which emphasizes speed at the end, is lightweight, and the tires have added tread for better grip on a dirt track. Thus, a BMX bike is created, which can handle dirt with less effort, handle hard landings, and get more air time.

Final Word

Now, you know much better than before about what is a BMX bike is. Not only that, but you also know a lot more about its types, uses, and components that differ each bike from one another. You’re well equipped with enough information on BMX bikes before you browse for BMX bikes for yourself or others!